Which Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty procedure to choose for which pathology?
Détails de la formation
For the last decades, penetrating keratoplasty (PK) has been the corneal reparative technique of choice, while lamellar keratoplasty has been done relatively rarely. Even nowadays, more than half of corneal surgeries worldwide are « perforating » (PK), while indications don’t always justify to remove the patient’s whole cornea and take the risk of an open-sky procedure.
More specifically, several pathologies only involve the patient’s stroma, and sometimes a part of it, bringing Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty (ALK) techniques to the forefront more than ever: keratoconus, post-LASIK keratectasia, pellucid marginal degeneration, stromal keratitis, scars, infections, etc.
The advantages of ALK techniques compared to PK are many: rejection almost never occurs as patient still benefit from his own corneal endothelium, eye banks are able to provide donor tissue more easily, earlier suture removal is usually possible, and postoperative optics are consistent with an optimal visual rehabilitation.
Deep ALK (DALK) is probably the predominant technique among ALK, but microkeratome-assisted procedures bring an added value to a corneal practice: Superficial ALK (SALK), Automated ALK (ALTK), Hemi-automated ALK (HALK) are part of leading corneal surgeons’ arsenal too.
All those ALK techniques require surgical interventions and equipment that are different from those most corneal surgeons were originally taught with PK, and this webinar provides a complete overview to better understand and acquire those techniques.
Qu'allez-vous apprendre ?
- Overview of today’s anterior lamellar keratoplasty techniques : SALK, ALTK, HALK, DALK.
- Understand differences between all of them: mainly indications and equipment required
- Which devices and equipment are required to facilitate all those surgical techniques
- Understand that PK is not necesary the "go-to" technique
Eye surgeons, more especially anterior segment/corneal surgeons
Speakers will present technique and equipment to a specific patient-related pathology, starting from upper stroma to deeper stromal techniques:
Prof. Alaa El-Danasoury (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) :
- brief overview of stromal diseases & surgical approaches
- introduction of 3 guest speakers
Prof. Namrata Sharma (Delhi, India): When defect is not too deep, go for automated: ALTK & SALK
Prof. Jodhbir S. Mehta (Singapore): HALK: an hybrid technique for Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty in corneas with topographical irregularities
Prof. Luigi Fontana (Reggio-Emilia, Italy) : Big-bubble DALK made easy with Moria adjustable trephine & instruments
Prof. Alaa El-Danasoury (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia): How I perform my DALK cases